Passivity-Based Control of Power Systems Considering Hydro-Turbine with Surge Tank
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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This paper proposes an interconnection and damping assignment passivity-based control (IDA-PBC) for multimachine power systems including hydro-turbine governing systems (HTGS) with surge tank. The main objective is to stabilize the rotor speed and regulate the terminal voltage of each synchronous machine in a power system. The proposed control is decentralized, thus avoiding challenges of communication between generators. Passivity theory is used since the open-loop of the HTGS presents a port-Hamiltonian structure. IDA-PBC allows a control law that maintains the passive structure in closed-loop, guaranteeing its asymptotic stability using Lyapunov's theory. The dynamics of each HTGS are described by an eleventh-order model, which can be reduced to a tenth-order. The proposed control is tested in a 12-bus test system and compared to a standard control, which considers a voltage regulator and exciter based on the IEEE type ST1A excitation system model and power system stabilizer IEEE-PSS1A. The governing system based on a PID control with static and transient droop is also employed. Additionally, the proposed controller is compared to a sliding mode controller. Time-domain simulations demonstrate the robustness and appropriate performance of the proposed decentralized control under different large disturbances.sliding mode controller. Time-domain simulations demonstrate the robustness and appropriate performance of the proposed decentralized control under different large disturbances.