Microplastics; occurrence, levels and implications for environment and human health related to food. Scientific opinion of the Scientific Steering Committee of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment
Skåre, Janneche Utne; Alexander, Jan; Haave, Marte; Jakubowicz, Ignacy; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Lusher, Amy; Ogonowski, Martin; Rakkestad, Kirsten Eline; Skaar, Ida; Sverdrup, Line Emilie; Wagner, Martin; Agdestein, Angelika; Bodin, Johanna Eva; Elvevoll, Edel O.; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Hessen, Dag Olav; Hofshagen, Merete; Husøy, Trine; Krogdahl, Åshild; Nilsen, Asbjørn Magne; Rafoss, Trond; Skjerdal, Olaug Taran; Steffensen, Inger-Lise; Strand, Tor A; Vandvik, Vigdis; Wasteson, Yngvild
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The steering committee of VKM has self-initiated a mandate for an opinion on microplastics based on recently published international and/or national reports complemented with literature from December 2016 to February 2019. The mandate requested a summary of the state of knowledge on the presence of microplastics in the environment and the implications for the ecosystem, terrestrial and aquatic organisms, food production and human health. An overview of main national and international ongoing initiatives was also requested, and highlighting of data gaps where specific Norwegian data was needed. VKM appointed a working group consisting of two VKM members and eight external experts (two are former VKM-members), in addition to a project leader from the VKM secretariat to write the assessment.