Grand challenges in the science of wind energy
Veers, Paul; Dykes, Katherine; Lantz, Eric; Barth, Stephan; Bottasso, Carlo L.; Carlson, Ola; Clifton, Andrew; Green, Johney; Green, Peter; Holttinen, Hannele; Laird, Daniel; Lehtomäki, Ville; Lundquist, Julie K.; Manwell, James; Marquis, Melinda; Meneveau, Charles; Moriarty, Patrick; Munduate, Xavier; Muskulus, Michael; Naughton, Jonathan; Pao, Lucy; Paquette, Joshua; Peinke, Joachim; Robertson, Amy; Rodrigo, Javier Sanz; Sempreviva, Anna Maria; Smith, J Charles; Tuohy, Aidan; Wiser, Ryan
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionScience. 2019, 366 (6464), . 10.1126/science.aau2027
Modern wind turbines already represent a tightly optimized confluence of materials science and aerodynamic engineering. Veers et al. review the challenges and opportunities for further expanding this technology, with an emphasis on the need for interdisciplinary collaboration. They highlight the need to better understand atmospheric physics in the regions where taller turbines will operate as well as the materials constraints associated with the scale-up. The mutual interaction of turbine sites with one another and with the evolving features of the overall electricity grid will furthermore necessitate a systems approach to future development.