Dynamic Behaviour of a High-Strength Structural Steel at Low Temperatures
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials. 2019, 5 (3), 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40870-019-00206-x
The main objective of this experimental study is to determine the effect of low temperatures on the mechanical behaviour of Strenx 960 Plus high-strength structural steel at different strain rates and stress triaxialities. For this purpose, a comprehensive experimental campaign was designed to characterise the material at a wide range of temperatures and loading rates. The stress triaxiality was varied by testing specimens with different geometry. First, to determine the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature, instrumented Charpy V-notch impact tests were carried out at a range of temperatures from + 20 °C down to − 90 °C. The impact energy dropped gradually with decreasing temperature, but a clear transition temperature could not be identified. A fractography study exhibited a clear dimple structure, revealing predominantly ductile fracture at all temperatures. Then, uniaxial tension tests on smooth and pre-notched axisymmetric specimens under both quasi-static and dynamic loading rates were carried out at room temperature and low temperatures. These tests were conducted to characterise the rate-dependence of the stress–strain behaviour and the failure strain. The results revealed that under quasi-static conditions the flow stress increased with decreasing temperature, while the failure strain was nearly independent of the temperature. Dynamic tensile tests using the same specimen geometries were conducted in a split Hopkinson tension bar at + 20 °C and − 40 °C. The material exhibited a positive strain rate sensitivity at all investigated temperatures. This experimental study reveals that the Strenx 960 Plus steel retains its ductility at temperatures as low as − 40 °C. Brittle failure could not be observed even with combined high strain rate, high stress triaxiality and low temperature.