Mechanical design and multifunctional applications of chiral mechanical metamaterials: A review
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMaterials & design. 2019, 180:107950 1-13. 10.1016/j.matdes.2019.107950
Rational design of artificial micro-structured metamaterials with advanced mechanical and physical properties that are not accessible in nature materials is challenging and important. In our paper, mechanical designs of 2D and 3D chiral mechanical metamaterials are reviewed, and their mechanical behaviors and deformation mechanisms can be investigated through equilibrium principle, strain energy analysis, micropolar elasticity and homogenization theories. Afterwards, multifunctional properties of chiral mechanical metamaterials are elaborated, such as: vibration attenuation, impact energy absorption and negative coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). Finally, several successful industrial applications of chiral mechanical metamaterials are demonstrated, such as: morphing airfoil smart deployable antenna and reconfigurable structures, auxetic stent, chiral flexible electronics and phase transforming metastructures, etc. Finally, perspectives and challenges on chiral mechanical metamaterials are discussed.