Excitation System Technologies for Wound-Field Synchronous Machines: Survey of Solutions and Evolving Trends
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionIEEE Access. 2019, PP (99), . 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2933493
Wound-field synchronous machines (WFSMs) are included in the majority of large power generating units and special high-power motor drives, due to their high efficiency, flexible field excitation and intrinsic flux weakening capability. Moreover, they are employed in a wide range of high-end solutions in the low-to-medium power range. This contribution presents a comprehensive survey of classical and modern methods and technologies for excitation systems (ESs) of WFSMs. The work covers the fundamental theory, typical de-excitation methods and all the modern excitation equipment topologies in detail. It also includes a description of the state-of-the-art and the latest trends in the ESs of wound-field synchronous motors and generators. The purpose of the paper is to provide a useful and up-to-date reference for practitioners and researchers in the field.