Personlighetens rolle for sykenærvær og jobbmestring - En kryss-seksjonell studie om krav og ressurser fra et individperspektiv
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- Institutt for psykologi 
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between sickness presenteeism, personality and work mastery among retail workers in Norway. There is a lack of studies investigating presenteeism in relation to personality dispositions. Taking personal differences into account can promote knowledge of why employees enact presenteeism and consequently, whether presenteeism should be viewed as a potential demand or resource. Mastery of work can demonstrate how employees perceive their work in the context of presenteeism. This cross-sectional study is part of a larger project at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), concerning sleep, work environment and health among retail workers. Through the use of electronic questionnaires, 203 retail workers gave information about demographics, presenteeism, personality and work mastery. Logistic regression analyses showed that neuroticism and extraversion was associated with increased odds of reporting presenteeism in the fully adjusted model, whereas high conscientiousness and mastery of work was negatively related to presenteeism in the minimally adjusted model. Further, the hierarchical regression analyses showed that work mastery was higher among presentees when reporting low neuroticism and high conscientiousness, with conscientiousness having the strongest relationship. In the sample containing non-presentees, only workers with a low degree of neuroticism reported higher mastery of work, suggesting that neuroticism among retail workers is associated with less mastery regardless of context. However, there was no moderation effects between personality and presenteeism on mastery of work. It is argued that conscientiousness and neuroticism operates in attendance behavior and perceptions of mastery through the health process. Future research should investigate how personality contributes to attendance behavior and perceptions of mastery using more complex measures of presenteeism and longitudinal designs.