Ice-induced vibrations of the Norströmsgrund lighthouse
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionCold Regions Science and Technology. 2018, 155 237-251. 10.1016/j.coldregions.2018.08.005
The signature and occurrence of frequency lock-in (FLI) vibrations of full-scale offshore structures are not well understood. Although several structures have experienced FLI, limited amounts of time histories of the responses alongside measured met-ocean data are available in the literature. This paper presents an analysis of 61 measured events of resonant vibrations of the Norströmsgrund lighthouse from 2001 until 2003. The vibrations of most of these events did not reach a steady state; thus, they violate an often-quoted criterion for frequency lock-in vibrations and remain outside any modes of ice-induced vibrations suggested in standards. Met-ocean data from both in situ measurements and from the Copernicus marine service information database are further used to better understand the occurrence of resonant ice-induced vibrations. All events between 2001 and 2003 occurred during days with ice concentrations of 8–10/10, closely packed consolidated drift ice. The locally measured ice velocity and thickness ranged from 0.023 to 0.075 m s−1 and from 0.26 to 1.9 m, respectively. These measurements included level ice, rafted ice and ridged ice. The events of resonant vibrations are further compared with measurements from the same structure between 1979 and 1988. Most events of resonant vibrations were recorded in the winter of 1988, followed by the winters of 2003 and 1980. The winter of 1988 had fewer freezing degree days (FDD) than the 65-year average, whereas the winters of 2003 and 1980 had more FDD than the 65-year average.