Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorSiddiqui, Salman Ijaz
dc.contributor.authorDong, Hefeng
dc.identifier.citationSensors. 2019, 19 (9), .nb_NO
dc.description.abstractUnderwater sound propagation is very sensitive to geometric and environmental variations. The geometric variations are the motion of the source and/or receiver, while the environmental variations are due to surface motion and water column variations. In order to reduce the effects of these variations, it is necessary to understand their effects on sound propagation. In this paper, some water column variations are reported, and their effect on the underwater sound propagation is studied. These water column variations were observed during an experiment in the TrondheimFjord on 22 September 2016. Strong amplitude variations were observed in the channel impulse response during the experiment. The Doppler analysis was performed on the channel impulse response, which showed strong Doppler variations. The amplitude and Doppler variations suggested the presence of water column variations. To demonstrate the performance of the communication system, the time reversal combiner was implemented. The system performance was demonstrated by computing the mean squared error between the transmitted signal and the output of the combiner. The performance of the combiner degraded by ~2.5 dB in the presence of water column variations. Due to these variations, the amplitudes of the arrivals changed rapidly, which posed a great challenge for the time reversal combiner. These amplitude variations affected the focusing of the combiner and hence induced intersymbol interference and performance degradation. This work provides an insight into the effects of water column variations on underwater sound propagation and underwater acoustic communicationsnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleEffects of water column variations on sound propagation and underwater acoustic communicationsnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.description.localcodeThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for elektroniske systemer

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal