Catastrophizing, Solicitous Responses From Significant Others, and Function in Individuals With Neuropathic Pain, Osteoarthritis, or Spinal Pain in the General Population
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataVis full innførsel
OriginalversjonJournal of Pain. 2018, 19 (9), 983-995. 10.1016/j.jpain.2018.03.010
That certain psychological factors are negatively associated with function in patients with chronic pain is well established. However, few studies have evaluated these factors in individuals with chronic pain from the general population. The aims of this study were to: 1) evaluate the unique associations between catastrophizing and perceived solicitous responses and psychological function, physical function, and insomnia severity in individuals with neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, or spinal pain in the general population; and 2) determine if diagnosis moderates the associations found. Five hundred fifty-one individuals from the general population underwent examinations with a physician and physiotherapist, and a total of 334 individuals were diagnosed with either neuropathic pain (n = 34), osteoarthritis (n = 78), or spinal pain (n = 222). Results showed that catastrophizing was significantly associated with reduced psychological and physical function, explaining 24% and 2% of the variance respectively, whereas catastrophizing as well as perceived solicitous responding were significantly and uniquely associated with insomnia severity, explaining 8% of the variance. Perceived solicitous responding was significantly negatively associated with insomnia severity. Moderator analyses indicated that: 1) the association between catastrophizing and psychological function was greater among individuals with spinal pain and neuropathic pain than those with osteoarthritis, and 2) the association between catastrophizing and insomnia was greater among individuals with spinal pain and osteoarthritis than those with neuropathic pain. No statistically significant interactions including perceived solicitous responses were found. The findings support earlier findings of an association between catastrophizing and function among individuals with chronic pain in the general population, and suggest that diagnosis may serve a moderating role in some of these associations.