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dc.contributor.authorChitrakar, Sailesh
dc.contributor.authorDahlhaug, Ole Gunnar
dc.contributor.authorNeopane, Hari Prasad
dc.identifier.citationIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment. 2019, 240 .nb_NO
dc.description.abstractIn Guide Vanes (GV) of Francis turbines, a portion of the pressure head of water converts into velocity head. This causes high acceleration of the flow in GV before reaching the runner. Furthermore, GVs are accompanied with a small clearance gap at both ends to adjust the opening angle based on various operating conditions. In the case of sediment affected power plants, the hard fine particles mixed in water erode the connecting ends due to horse-shoe vortices. This erosion together with the head cover deflection due to water pressure increases the size of the gap. Due to the adjacent pressure and suction sides in GV, the flow passes through the gap from high pressure side to low pressure or suction side. This leakage flow disturbs the main flow in the suction side, which can be observed in the form of a vortex filament. Depending upon the GV profile and opening angle, the vortex can have different characteristics. This study uses numerical and experimental techniques to study the potential effects of the leakage flow in overall performances of the turbine. The experiment is done to measure the velocity field around GV using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique on a GV cascade rig. The GV in this rig corresponds to 1:1 scale model of 4.1 MW Francis turbine, with the chord length of 142 mm and span height of 97 mm. Similarly, 14 pressure senssors are placed around the GV cover plate to measure the GV loading. The velocity and pressure field are compared with with the results from CFD. In the study, two GV-profiles and 7 GV angels are studied. Results show that at Best Efficiency Point (BEP) and small opening or closing, the pressure difference between the adjacent sides of GV and consequently, the leakage flow and the intensity of the vortex filament in NACA4412 is less than in NACA0012. However, at high opening angle or during full load, the direction of the leakage flow in NACA4412 is in opposite direction due to small or negative GV loading compared to BEP. It is shown how these vortices affect the runner performances and how the particles erode the runner inlet as a consequence of these vortices.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractThe numerical and experimental investigation of erosion induced leakage flow through guide vanes of Francis turbinenb_NO
dc.publisherIOP Publishingnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleThe numerical and experimental investigation of erosion induced leakage flow through guide vanes of Francis turbinenb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmentnb_NO
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 254104nb_NO
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 257588nb_NO
dc.description.localcodeOpen Access. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for energi- og prosessteknikk

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