Ex-Situ Electrochemical Characterization of IrO2 Synthesized by a Modified Adams Fusion Method for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionCatalysts. 2019, 9(4), 318 10.3390/catal9040318
The development of highly stable and active electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) has attracted significant research interest. IrO2 is known to show good stability during the OER however it is not known to be the most active. Thus, significant research has been dedicated to enhance the activity of IrO2 toward the OER. In this study, IrO2 catalysts were synthesized using a modified Adams fusion method. The Adams fusion method is simple and is shown to directly produce nano-sized metal oxides. The effect of the Ir precursor salt to the NaNO3 ratio and the fusion temperature on the OER activity of the synthesized IrO2 electrocatalysts, was investigated. The OER activity and durability of the IrO2 electrocatalysts were evaluated ex-situ via cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronopotentiometry (CP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). Physical properties of the IrO2 electrocatalysts were evaluated via X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results show that the addition of excess NaNO3 during the modified Adams fusion reaction is not a requirement and that higher synthesis temperatures results in IrO2 electrocatalysts with larger particle sizes and reduced electrocatalytic activity.