Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorAzof, Fabian Imanasa
dc.contributor.authorKolbeinsen, Leiv
dc.contributor.authorSafarian, Jafar
dc.identifier.citationMetallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science. 2018, 49 (5), 2400-2420.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractLow-grade bauxite ores are not favorable in the conventional Bayer process for alumina production, as they are producing more bauxite residue (red mud) and accompanying lower alumina yield than high-grade ores. In the current study, the thermodynamics and characterization of calcium-aluminate slags and pig iron produced from smelting reduction of high iron- and silica-containing bauxites are studied. Coke and limestone are used to reduce the iron oxide and adjust the basicity of slag during smelting. There is evidence that complete iron separation from bauxite is feasible through smelting-reduction process, and up to 99.9 pct of iron can be eliminated. Moreover, it is shown that the partial separation of silicon, titanium, and other elements from the Al2O3-containing slag occurs. The phase compositions and the distribution of elements between the metal and slag phases provide information about the high-temperature behavior of the bauxite components during smelting reduction. Employing electron microscopy analysis, it is indicated that the morphologies of CaO.Al2O3, 12CaO.7Al2O3, 2CaO.Al2O3.SiO2, and CaO.Al2O3.SiO2 phases in the slag, as well as the complex oxides of Ca-Al-Si-Ti in the slag behave differently as the mass ratio of Al2O3/(Fe2O3+SiO2) in the bauxite changes. It is also shown that the phases of slag produced from smelting-reduction below 5 K/s of cooling rate are proper for further leaching process.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractCharacteristics of Calcium-Aluminate Slags and Pig Iron Produced from Smelting-Reduction of Low-Grade Bauxitesnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleCharacteristics of Calcium-Aluminate Slags and Pig Iron Produced from Smelting-Reduction of Low-Grade Bauxitesnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalMetallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing sciencenb_NO
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 237738nb_NO
dc.description.localcodeCopyright © 2018, The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for materialteknologi

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal