Metacognition and Perspective Taking Predict Negative Self-Evaluation of Social Performance in Patients with SAD
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Experimental Psychopathology. 2016, 7 (4), 601-607. 10.5127/jep.055616
This study set out to test two sets of predictors of negative self-evaluation of performance in social anxiety disorder: metacognitive beliefs and perspective taking in self-imagery. Forty-seven patients with DSM-IV social anxiety disorder were asked to engage in a speech task. Before the task metacognitive beliefs were assessed and after the task perspective taking in self-imagery and negative self-evaluations of performance was measured. Positive metacognitive beliefs about worrying and observer perspective imagery were positively correlated with negative self-evaluation. Hierarchical regression showed that age, and both positive metacognitive beliefs and the observer perspective were individual predictors of negative self-evaluation. The results suggest that cognitive models, especially those formulating the self-concept should incorporate metacognitive factors.