Onboard measurements of pressure pulsations in a high head Francis model runner
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Over the last years, there have been several incidents with cracks in high head Francis turbines. These cracks are understood to be related to pressure pulsations, vibration modulus and the combination of these. In this paper, a setup for the investigation of pressure pulsations in a low specific speed model turbine is presented with the use of onboard pressure sensors. Earlier onboard measurements have mainly utilized blade-mounted sensors. In this paper, a setup with hub-mounted pressure sensors are described. In addition, a position sensor is utilized to analyse the pressure data relative to the angular position of the runner. The setup is considered as a good reference for computational fluid dynamics validation and is considered less extensive for evaluating the onboard pressure pulsations compared to blade-mounted sensors.