Foundations of offshore wind turbines: A review
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionRenewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2019, 104 379-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.01.012
Offshore wind is a source of clean, renewable energy of great potential value to the power industry in the context of a low carbon society. Rapid development of offshore wind energy depends on a good understanding of technical issues related to offshore wind turbines, which is spurring ongoing research and development programmes. Foundations of offshore wind turbines present one of the main challenges in offshore wind turbine design. This paper reviews the present state of knowledge concerning geotechnical and structural issues affecting foundation types under consideration for the support structures of offshore wind turbines, and provides recommendations for future research and development.