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dc.contributor.authorStovner, Lars Jacob
dc.contributor.authorNichols, Emma
dc.contributor.authorSteiner, Timothy J.
dc.contributor.authorAbd-Allah, Foad
dc.contributor.authorAbdelalim, Ahmed
dc.contributor.authorAl-Raddadi, Rajaa M.
dc.contributor.authorAnsha, Mustafa Geleto
dc.contributor.authorBarac, Aleksandra
dc.contributor.authorBensenor, Isabela M.
dc.contributor.authorDoan, Linh Phuong
dc.contributor.authorEdessa, Dumessa
dc.contributor.authorEndres, Matthias
dc.contributor.authorForeman, Kyle J.
dc.contributor.authorGankpe, Fortune Gbetoho
dc.contributor.authorGopalkrishna, Gururaj
dc.contributor.authorGoulart, Alessandra C.
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Rahul
dc.contributor.authorHankey, Graeme J.
dc.contributor.authorHay, Simon I.
dc.contributor.authorHegazy, Mohamed I.
dc.contributor.authorHilawe, Esayas Haregot
dc.contributor.authorKasaeian, Amir
dc.contributor.authorKassa, Dessalegn H.
dc.contributor.authorKhalil, Ibrahim
dc.contributor.authorKhang, Young-Ho
dc.contributor.authorKhubchandani, Jagdish
dc.contributor.authorKim, Yun Jin
dc.contributor.authorKokubo, Yoshihiro
dc.contributor.authorMohammed, Mohammed A.
dc.contributor.authorMoradi-Lakeh, Maziar
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Huong Lan Thi
dc.contributor.authorNirayo, Yirga Legesse
dc.contributor.authorQorbani, Mostafa
dc.contributor.authorRanta, Anna
dc.contributor.authorRoba, Kedir T.
dc.contributor.authorSafiri, Saeid
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Itamar S.
dc.contributor.authorSatpathy, Maheswar
dc.contributor.authorSawhney, Monika
dc.contributor.authorShiferaw, Mekonnen Sisay
dc.contributor.authorShiue, Ivy
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Mari
dc.contributor.authorSzoeke, Cassandra E.I.
dc.contributor.authorTruong, Nu Thi
dc.contributor.authorVenketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy
dc.contributor.authorWeldegwergs, Kidu Gidey
dc.contributor.authorWesterman, Ronny
dc.contributor.authorWijeratne, Tissa
dc.contributor.authorTran, Bach Xuan
dc.contributor.authorYonemoto, Naohiro
dc.contributor.authorFeigin, Valery L.
dc.contributor.authorVos, Theo
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Christopher J.L.
dc.identifier.citationLancet Neurology. 2018, 17 (11), 954-976.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractBackground Through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) studies, headache has emerged as a major global public health concern. We aimed to use data from the GBD 2016 study to provide new estimates for prevalence and years of life lived with disability (YLDs) for migraine and tension-type headache and to present the methods and results in an accessible way for clinicians and researchers of headache disorders. Methods Data were derived from population-based cross-sectional surveys on migraine and tension-type headache. Prevalence for each sex and 5-year age group interval (ie, age 5 years to ≥95 years) at different time points from 1990 and 2016 in all countries and GBD regions were estimated using a Bayesian meta-regression model. Disease burden measured in YLDs was calculated from prevalence and average time spent with headache multiplied by disability weights (a measure of the relative severity of the disabling consequence of a disease). The burden stemming from medication overuse headache, which was included in earlier iterations of GBD as a separate cause, was subsumed as a sequela of either migraine or tension-type headache. Because no deaths were assigned to headaches as the underlying cause, YLDs equate to disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). We also analysed results on the basis of the Socio-demographic Index (SDI), a compound measure of income per capita, education, and fertility. Findings Almost three billion individuals were estimated to have a migraine or tension-type headache in 2016: 1·89 billion (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 1·71–2·10) with tension-type headache and 1·04 billion (95% UI 1·00–1·09) with migraine. However, because migraine had a much higher disability weight than tension-type headache, migraine caused 45·1 million (95% UI 29·0–62·8) and tension-type headache only 7·2 million (95% UI 4·6–10·5) YLDs globally in 2016. The headaches were most burdensome in women between ages 15 and 49 years, with migraine causing 20·3 million (95% UI 12·9–28·5) and tension-type headache 2·9 million (95% UI 1·8–4·2) YLDs in 2016, which was 11·2% of all YLDs in this age group and sex. Age-standardised DALYs for each headache type showed a small increase as SDI increased. Interpretation Although current estimates are based on limited data, our study shows that headache disorders, and migraine in particular, are important causes of disability worldwide, and deserve greater attention in health policy debates and research resource allocation. Future iterations of this study, based on sources from additional countries and with less methodological heterogeneity, should help to provide stronger evidence of the need for action.nb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleGlobal, regional, and national burden of migraine and tension-type headache, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016nb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalLancet Neurologynb_NO
dc.description.localcode© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.This article is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). You may copy and distribute the article, create extracts, abstracts and new works from the article, alter and revise the article, text or data mine the article and otherwise reuse the article commercially (including reuse and/or resale of the article) without permission from Elsevier. You must give appropriate credit to the original work, together with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI and a link to the Creative Commons user license above. You must indicate if any changes are made but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use of the work.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for nevromedisin og bevegelsesvitenskap

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