APIM-Mediated REV3L-PCNA Interaction Important for Error Free TLS Over UV-Induced DNA Lesions in Human Cells
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is essential for the organization of DNA replication and the bypass of DNA lesions via translesion synthesis (TLS). TLS is mediated by specialized DNA polymerases, which all interact, directly or indirectly, with PCNA. How interactions between the TLS polymerases and PCNA affects TLS specificity and/or coordination is not fully understood. Here we show that the catalytic subunit of the essential mammalian TLS polymerase POLζ, REV3L, contains a functional AlkB homolog 2 PCNA interacting motif, APIM. APIM from REV3L fused to YFP, and full-length REV3L-YFP colocalizes with PCNA in replication foci. Colocalization of REV3L-YFP with PCNA is strongly reduced when an APIM-CFP construct is overexpressed. We also found that overexpression of full-length REV3L with mutated APIM leads to significantly altered mutation frequencies and mutation spectra, when compared to overexpression of full-length REV3L wild-type (WT) protein in multiple cell lines. Altogether, these data suggest that APIM is a functional PCNA-interacting motif in REV3L, and that the APIM-mediated PCNA interaction is important for the function and specificity of POLζ in TLS. Finally, a PCNA-targeting cell-penetrating peptide, containing APIM, reduced the mutation frequencies and changed the mutation spectra in several cell lines, suggesting that efficient TLS requires coordination mediated by interactions with PCNA.