Reliability of Technical Systems Estimated by Enhanced Monte Carlo Simulation
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Computation of the reliability of large technical systems is usually a very difficult problem for realistic systems, and it is generally not possible to calculate the exact reliability. There are many techniques for approximate calculations, but they are often complicated and difficult to implement. In this paper the development of a new method based on Monte Carlo simulation for efficient calculation of system reliability is described. Standard Monte Carlo simulation forms a simple and robust alternative for calculating system reliability. If one can generate large samples, the law of large numbers ensures that the estimated reliability will be accurate as well. This may, however, be a very time-consuming operation. The new method introduces a parameterized system that corresponds to the given system for a specific parameter value. By using regularity of the system reliability as a function of the introduced parameter, the system reliability for our original system can be predicted accurately from relatively small samples.