Hydro-plastic response of beams and stiffened panels subjected to extreme water slamming at small impact angles, Part I: An analytical solution
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMarine Structures. 2019, 65 53-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marstruc.2019.01.002
Water impact (slamming) is a strongly nonlinear phenomenon including significant fluid structure interactions. In the case of slamming with a small impact angle between the structure and water, the coupling between hydrodynamic pressure and the elastic responses of structures, known as hydroelasticity, matters. This has been studied extensively. However, when structures are subjected to violent water slamming in extreme sea states, large stresses may occur that exceed the material yield stress, causing large plastic flow and permanent damage. In such cases, the plastic responses of a structure will be strongly coupled with the hydrodynamic pressure, termed as hydro-plasticity. Hydro-plastic slamming has rarely been studied before. This is Part I of a two-part companion paper. The paper advances the state-of-the-art of hydro-plastic slamming by formulating, for the first time, an analytical model coupling the hydrodynamic forces and the plastic response of rectangular beams and one-way stiffened panels. The studied scenarios are flat or nearly flat water impacts, which are critical for hydro-plasticity excitation. The impact angle between the water free surface and the structure should preferably be no larger than 5°. Based on the proposed model, the governing non-dimensional parameters for hydro-plastic slamming are identified and discussed. Design curves for plate strips and stiffened panels against extreme slamming are developed. Part II-Numerical verification and analysis presents numerical verification and discussion of the analytical model by comparing with results from the multi-material Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) simulations. The proposed analytical model does not require the challenging estimation of pressure history that is normally used in the design against slamming. Only the initial impact velocity is needed as the main input. The resulting non-dimensional curves may be utilized in rules and standards for the design of ships and offshore structures against extreme slamming loads.