The Dimensioning Sea Loads (DIMSELO) project
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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DIMSELO is a Competence Building for Industry project (KPN), granted by the Norwegian Research Council under the ENERGIX program, which ran from 2013 to 2017. The project's objective was to quantify the consequences of using advanced sea loads modeling in integrated simulations of offshore wind turbines in shallow to intermediate waters. During the project, engineering hydrodynamics load and wave kinematics models of increasing complexity and fidelity were chosen from the literature and implemented. The effect of different model combinations on the substructure loads was was tested for three reference turbines: a DTU 10 MW rotor positioned on a monopile at a water depth of h = 25 m, on a second monopile at h = 35 m and on a jacket, also at h = 35 m. In this paper, the fatigue loads in a production case for the h = 25 m monopile was calculated via three different load models: the well-known Morison model, the Rainey nonlinear force model and the McCamy-Fuchs linear diffraction model. The models were coupled to kinematics coming both from linear irregular waves and second order irregular waves. The comparison showed that using the McCamy-Fuchs diffraction theory reduced the predicted fatigue damage by 15% with respect to a base case where the Morison load model was used. Nonlinear wave kinematics and nonlinear force models influenced the force calculations but did not alter the total fatigue damage, since the load cases with high wave steepness were less likely to happen.