Large Eddy simulations of flow around tandem circular cylinders in the vicinity of a plane wall
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Marine Science and Technology. 2018, . 10.1007/s00773-018-0553-3
To investigate the three-dimensional flow around free-spanning, tandem marine pipelines, Large Eddy Simulations (LES) with Smagorinsky subgrid scale model are performed using the open-source code OpenFOAM. Two circular cylinders in tandem arrangement are placed in the vicinity of a rigid, horizontal, plane wall. The cylinders are immersed in a steady current with a logarithmic boundary layer profile at an intermediate, subcritical Reynolds number (Re = 1.31 × 104). The non-dimensional distances between the cylinder centres are 2 and 5 (L/D = 2 and 5) and the gap to diameter ratios are G/D = 0.6 and 1, where gap G is the distance between the bottom of the cylinders and the wall. The present results are analysed through the values of drag and lift coefficients, as well as by the details of the flow fields in the wake of the cylinders. The results are compared with experimental results of the flow around tandem cylinders in an unlimited fluid for both L/D = 2 and 5, showing that, at chosen gaps, at L/D = 2, the flow belongs to the reattachment regime, and at L/D = 5 to the co-shedding regime. Compared with the case of a single cylinder near a plane wall, the flow around the tandem cylinders at G/D = 1 belongs to the wide gap regime, while at G/D = 0.6, tandem yields a stronger interaction with the wall than in the case of one cylinder. The presence of the wall modifies the flow in the spacing between the two cylinders, giving it some characteristics of the extended body flow regime.