Analysis of the Eddy Dissipation Concept formulation for MILD combustion modelling
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OriginalversjonFuel. 2018, 224 687-700. 10.1016/j.fuel.2018.03.110
Performance of the Eddy Dissipation Concept (EDC) in the regime of Moderate and Intense Low-oxygen Dilution (MILD) combustion is investigated. The special MILD features, where chemical and turbulence time scales are comparable (Damköhler number close to unity), have led several researchers to suggest modifications of EDC, mainly by changing model constants. EDC with standard and modified constants are compared, and the importance of each effect is outlined. Different fine-structure reactor models and their inflow/initial conditions are discussed and found to play a significant role. The reacting fraction of fine structures, which in virtually all other numerical studies is set to unity, is also discussed and found to be important. We observe better agreement with experiment when the reacting fraction is reduced below unity, which is also described by the original EDC. The results obtained with the variable reacting fraction are found to improve both the temperature distributions and the lift-off height predictions. The calculations are carried out with the use of open source software OpenFOAM. The main test case was the Delft Jet-in-Hot-Coflow burner emulating MILD regime at three different flow conditions (jet Reynolds numbers of 2500, 4100 and 8800).