PFC evolution characteristics during aluminium and rare earth electrolysis
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonLight Metals. 2018, 1449-1455. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72284-9_189
In addition to aluminium electrolysis, the electrolysis of rare earth (RE) metals from fluoride melts is a significant source of perfluorocarbon (PFC) emissions to the atmosphere. These processes have many similarities, they are both based on molten fluoride salt electrolysis at temperatures around 1000 °C, and are utilizing carbon materials as the anode. Although PFC emissions from aluminium industry and rare earth electrolysis have similar overall reactions, they are often reported to have different characteristics. In order to get a better understanding of these differences and similarities, different laboratory experiments focusing on anode reactions and gas compositions in Al2O3 saturated cryolite and REF3-LiF melts during aluminium and rare earth metal electrolysis were studied. The results obtained, combined with thermodynamic data analysis allowed to better understand onset, evolution and termination behaviour of PFC evolution in molten fluoride systems of different chemistries.