Investigation of the Unsteady Pressure Pulsations in the Prototype Francis Turbines -Part 1: Steady State Operating Conditions
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Original versionMechanical systems and signal processing. 2018, 108 (8), 188-202. 10.1016/j.ymssp.2018.02.007
Hydropower is one of the most reliable renewable sources of electricity generation. With high efficiency and good regulating capacity, hydropower has the ability to meet rapid changes in power demand. Large investments in intermittent renewable energy resources have increased the demand for balancing power. This demand has pushed hydraulic turbines to generate electricity over the operating range from part load to full load. High-amplitude pressure pulsations are developed at off-design conditions, which cause moderate damage to the turbine components. The pressure pulsations may be either synchronous- (axial)-type, asynchronous- (rotating)-type or both. In this study, pressure measurements on low specific-speed prototype Francis turbines were performed; one of them was vertical axis and another was horizontal axis type. Four pressure sensors were mounted on the surface of the draft tube cone. Pressure measurements were performed at five operating points. The investigations showed that, in the vertical axis turbine, amplitudes of asynchronous pressure pulsations were 20 times larger than those of the synchronous component; whereas, in the horizontal axis turbine, amplitudes of asynchronous pressure pulsations were two times smaller than those of the synchronous component. For part 2 of the paper, please read Trivedi, C., Gogstad, P. J., and Dahlhaug, O. G., 2017, “Investigation of Unsteady Pressure Pulsations in the Prototype Francis Turbines during Load Variation and Startup,” Journal of Renewable Sustainable Energy, 9(6), p. 064502. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4994884.