CFD Simulations of Turbulent Flow in the Human Upper Airways
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In this paper, investigations are conducted using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) turbulence models to investigate the importance of turbulence modelling for nasal inspiration at a constant flow rate of 250 ml/s. Four different, standard turbulence models are tested in a model geometry based on pre-operative CT images of a selected obstructive sleep-apnea syndrome (OSAS) patient. The results show only minor differences between them. Furthermore, the turbulence models do not give significantly different results than a laminar flow model. Thus, the main conclusion is that effects of turbulence are insignificant in CFD modelling of the airflow in the pre-operative model of the upper airways of the chosen patient.