Testing and modelling of stiffened aluminium panels subjected to quasi-static and low-velocity impact loading
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Original versionInternational Journal of Impact Engineering. 2017, 110 97-111. 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2017.03.002
The behaviour and failure of stiffened panels made of the aluminium alloy AA6082-T6 is investigated under quasi-static and low-velocity impact loading conditions. The strain rate and inertia effects are found to be negligible suggesting that quasi-static tests might be representative for low-velocity impacts where a large mass is placed on the impactor. A simplified approach to the finite element modelling of aluminium panels under impact loading, including a regularised failure criterion, is proposed and validated against the experimental data. The effect of mesh size is investigated with shell elements of various sizes in the range from 1 to 5 times the thickness. A good correlation is obtained between experiments and simulations for fine meshes, while large shell elements have difficulties to initiate and propagate properly the observed cracks.