Maintenance Strategies for Large Offshore Wind Farms
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionEnergy Procedia. 2012, 24 281-288. 10.1016/j.egypro.2012.06.110
Up to one third of the total cost of energy from offshore wind generation is contributed by operation and maintenance (O&M). Compared to its onshore counterpart, this fraction is significantly higher. Costs are not only caused by spare-parts and repair actions, but also by production losses due to downtime. The accessibility of a turbine in case of a failure is one main aspect affecting downtime. Therefore, a tool has been developed and implemented in MATLAB to simulate the operating phase of a wind farm with special emphasis toward the modeling of failures and repair. As an example application, a site at the UK east coast was chosen, and a few distinct scenarios were considered. Results include how sensitive availability changes with respect to changes in maintenance fleet and maintenance scheduling strategy. A quantification of potential cost savings due to an increase in availability is also stated.