Lifshitz interaction can promote ice growth at water-silica interfaces
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPhysical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2017, 95 (15), . 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.155422
At air-water interfaces, the Lifshitz interaction by itself does not promote ice growth. On the contrary, we find that the Lifshitz force promotes the growth of an ice film, up to 1–8 nm thickness, near silica-water interfaces at the triple point of water. This is achieved in a system where the combined effect of the retardation and the zero frequency mode influences the short-range interactions at low temperatures, contrary to common understanding. Cancellation between the positive and negative contributions in the Lifshitz spectral function is reversed in silica with high porosity. Our results provide a model for how water freezes on glass and other surfaces.