Grid independence behaviour of fluidized bed reactor simulations using the Two Fluid Model: Detailed parametric study
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPowder Technology. 2016, 289 65-70. 10.1016/j.powtec.2015.11.011
This short communication builds on previous work on the grid independence behaviour of the Two Fluid Model in reactive bubbling fluidized bed simulations. Regarding hydrodynamic grid independence behaviour (the numerical accuracy with which phase segregation was resolved), the particle relaxation time was confirmed as being directly proportional to the cell size achieving sufficiently grid independent behaviour. This relationship held over different particle sizes, particle densities, gas densities, gas viscosities and drag laws, but the slope of the proportionality changed for particle relaxation times above 0.4. For reactive grid independence behaviour (the numerical accuracy with which reactor performance was resolved), the relationship between the particle relaxation time and the sufficiently grid independent cell size was more complex, depending not only on the resolution of phase segregation, but also on the kinetic rate implemented and on the permeability of the emulsion phase. Simple and practical rules of thumb were proposed for estimating the sufficiently grid independent cell size for hydrodynamic and reactive simulations. For most practical purposes, the simpler and more accurate hydrodynamic grid independent cell size correlation can safely be used to run sufficiently accurate bubbling fluidized bed reactor simulations.