Unmanned Water Craft Identification and Adaptive Control in Low-Speed and Reversing Regions
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionElsevier IFAC Publications / IFAC Proceedings series. 2013, 9 (1), 150-155. 10.3182/20130918-4-JP-3022.00048
This paper treats L1 adaptive hovering control of an unmanned surface vehicle in a station-keeping mode where a region of zero control authority and under-actuation are main challenges. Low-speed and reversing dynamics are identified from full scale sea trials, and parameter uncertainty is estimated. With significant parameter variation, an L1 adaptive controller is employed for heading control. The L1 family of controllers allows for several topologies and an architecture is suggested that suits heading control of a vessel, the requirements of which differ from that of previous L1 literature. The control design is tackled directly in discrete time to allow a fast embedded implementation in the vehicle. Analysis of robustness, tracking performance and wave disturbance response are detailed in the paper.