Reciprocating sliding wear behavior of high-strength nanocrystalline Al84Ni7Gd6Co3 alloys
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionWear. 2017, 382-383 78-84. 10.1016/j.wear.2017.04.013
Nanocrystalline Al-Ni-Gd-Co alloys with exceptionally high hardness have been recently developed from amorphous precursors. In the present work, the reciprocating sliding wear in the gross slip regime of these novel nanocrystalline Al-based alloys has been investigated under small amplitude oscillatory sliding motion using a martensitic chrome steel as the counter material. When compared to pure Al or Al-12Si alloy, these nanocrystalline alloys exhibit excellent wear resistance and a lower coefficient of friction when sliding against steel. The enhanced wear resistance of the novel nanocrystaline Al alloys is related to their ultra-high hardness and the hybrid nanostructure that mainly consists of nanometric intermetallic phases embedded in a nanocrystalline fcc-Al matrix. Three body abrasive conditions were created at the initial stages of the wear tests due to the formation of micro- and nano-particulate debris from the worn surface of the Al alloys; the debris was compacted under the subsequent sliding cycles forming layers that are protective to the extensive wear of the Al alloys.