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dc.contributor.authorEllingsen, Linda Ager-Wick
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Bhawna
dc.contributor.authorStrømman, Anders Hammer
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental Research Letters. 2016, 11 (5), .nb_NO
dc.description.abstractThe primary goal of this study is to investigate the effect of increasing battery size and driving range to the environmental impact of electric vehicles (EVs). To this end, we compile cradle-to-grave inventories for EVs in four size segments to determine their climate change potential. A second objective is to compare the lifecycle emissions of EVs to those of conventional vehicles. For this purpose, we collect lifecycle emissions for conventional vehicles reported by automobile manufacturers. The lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions are calculated per vehicle and over a total driving range of 180 000 km using the average European electricity mix. Process-based attributional LCA and the ReCiPe characterisation method are used to estimate the climate change potential from the hierarchical perspective. The differently sized EVs are compared to one another to find the effect of increasing the size and range of EVs. We also point out the sources of differences in lifecycle emissions between conventional- and electric vehicles. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis assesses the change in lifecycle emissions when electricity with various energy sources power the EVs. The sensitivity analysis also examines how the use phase electricity sources influences the size and range effect.nb_NO
dc.publisherIOP Publishingnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleThe size and range effect: lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions of electric vehiclesnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalEnvironmental Research Lettersnb_NO
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 209697nb_NO
dc.description.localcode© 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.nb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for energi- og prosessteknikk

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal