Risk assessment of beta-carotene in food supplements. Scientific opinion of the Panel on Nutrition, Dietetic Products, Novel Food and Allergy
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Beta-carotene is a provitamin, i.e. a precursor of vitamin A (retinol), which is classified as an essential nutrient for humans. Beta-carotene is one of many carotenoids found in plants, fungi and bacteria. Carotenoids are therefore predominantly obtained through foods of plant origin or food supplements. Carrots contribute approximately half of the total beta-carotene intake in the Norwegian diet, followed by mixed frozen vegetables, tomatoes, fruits and berries. VKM emphasises that this opinion on upper level (UL) for beta-carotene addresses beta-carotene in food supplements only. Beta-carotene from regular foods such as vegetables and fruits is not considered to be a health concern.