Thermal Conductivity of A-site Cation-Deficient La-Substituted SrTiO3 Produced by Spark Plasma Sintering
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionEnergy Harvesting and Systems. 2015, 2 (1-2), . 10.1515/ehs-2014-0042
During the last decade oxide-based thermoelectric materials have received increased attention due to their high stability and thermal robustness at high temperatures as well as the availability and nontoxic nature of a number of promising candidates. In the present study we are investigating the thermoelectric properties of an n-type La-substituted SrTiO3 with the specific composition (La0.12Sr0.88)0.05TiO3. Nanosized powder precursors were spark plasma sintered (SPS) for 5 minutes between 900 and 1,200°C, resulting in densities between 73 and 98% and crystallite sizes between 40 nm and 1 μm. The formation of a rutile phase (TiO2) was observed in samples sintered at 1,150 and 1,200°C; at lower temperatures only single-phase cubic perovskite was observed. There was no clear evidence that the presence of rutile affected the thermal conductivity (κ). A significant reduction in κ was observed both with increasing porosity and reducing crystallite size, showing a minimum at ~700°C corresponding to ~1.3 W m−1 K−1.