Vortex-induced vibrations of a vertical riser with time-varying tension
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionProcedia Engineering. 2017, 199 1326-1331. 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.09.330
Numerical simulations of a vertical tensioned riser in a sheared flow are performed, where the riser top end oscillates sinusoidally in the vertical direction. The oscillating top-end motion causes tension variations and changes in the natural frequencies of the riser. The flow around the structure causes vortex shedding, oscillating lift forces and vortex-induced vibrations (VIV). It is well-known that the vortex shedding is affected by structure motion, and may lock on to the riser’s natural frequencies. However, the vortex shedding frequency must remain close to the Strouhal frequency, and may therefore excite different modes of vibration as the riser tension changes. With this in mind, the overall aim of this paper is to investigate how tension variations affect the VIV response. The riser dynamics are simulated in time domain using a non-linear finite element structural model combined with an empirical hydrodynamic load model. The latter includes a synchronization model which simulates how the vortex shedding reacts to the structure motion to obtain lock-in. Simulations are run using different amplitudes and frequencies for the top-end motion, and the resulting cross-flow displacements and bending strains are studied. The results show that, when the riser top-end oscillates, the VIV response contains several modes, and the dominating mode may vary with time. The number of active modes are found to be strongly dependent on the period of the riser tension.