Influence of Carbon Support on Electronic Structure and Catalytic Activity of Pt Catalysts: Binding to the CO Molecule
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Original versionJournal of Physical Chemistry C. 2016, 120 12452-12462. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b02001
Single-atom catalysts, especially with single Pt atoms, exhibit potentially improved catalytic activity as compared to metal clusters and metal surfaces. Here, the atop and bridged bondings of the CO molecule on the Pt/C system are studied. Vibrational frequencies, Mulliken populations, charge transfer, charge density differences, and density of states are examined to determine the influence of the carbon support on electronic properties and catalytic activity of the Pt adatom and dimer. Comparing orbital populations and the amount of electron transfer to/from the CO molecule shows that the net amount of electron transfer to the antibonding 2π* orbitals of the CO molecule is higher for the supported Pt dimer than for the substrate-free Pt dimer, which leads to a lower vibrational frequency and a larger C–O bond distance. The hybridization between the π orbitals of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons surface and the d orbitals of the Pt adatoms is responsible for enhancing the back-donation of electrons to the 2π* orbitals of the CO molecule, which results in a larger peak below the Fermi level for the 2π* states of the CO molecule in the corresponding density of state analysis. Therefore, it can be concluded that the carbon support significantly enhances the catalytic activity of the Pt atoms in contact with the surface for activating the CO molecule. The calculated C–O vibrational stretching frequencies provide valuable guidance for experiments considering the use of atom-type catalyst as building blocks for designing new catalysts.