Triplet proximity effect and odd-frequency pairing in graphene
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPhysical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2010, 82 (4), . 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.041409
We study the interplay between proximity-induced superconductivity and ferromagnetism in graphene by self-consistently solving the Bogoliubov de Gennes equations on the honeycomb lattice. We find that a strong triplet proximity effect is generated in graphene, leading to odd-frequency pairing correlations. These odd-frequency correlations are clearly manifested in the local density of states of the graphene sheet, which can be probed via scanning tunnel microscope measurements. Motivated by recent experiments on S|N|S graphene Josephson junctions, we also study the spectrum of Andreev bound states formed in the normal region due to the proximity effect. Our results may be useful for interpreting spectroscopic data and can also serve as a guideline for future experiments.