A Uniformly Semiglobally Exponentially Stable Nonlinear Observer for GNSS- and Camera-Aided Inertial Navigation
Conference object, Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionIEEE Mediterranean Conference on Control & Automation 2014 10.1109/MED.2014.6961510
In this paper a nonlinear observer for estimation of position, velocity, acceleration, attitude and gyro bias of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is proposed. The sensor suite consists of an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver, a video camera, an altimeter, and an inclinometer. The camera and machine vision systems can track features from the environment and calculate the optical flow. These data, together with those from the other sensors, are fed to the observer, that is proven to be uniformly semiglobally exponentially stable (USGES). The performance of the observer is tested on simulated data by assuming that the camera system can provide the necessary information.