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dc.contributor.authorMagelssen, Morten
dc.contributor.authorSupphellen, Magne
dc.contributor.authorNortvedt, Per
dc.contributor.authorMaterstvedt, Lars Johan
dc.identifier.citationBMC Medical Ethics 2016, 17nb_NO
dc.description.abstractBackground: Surveys on attitudes towards assisted dying play an important role in informing public debate, policy and legislation. Unfortunately, surveys are often designed with insufficient attention to framing effects; that is, effects on the respondents’ stated attitudes caused by question wording and context. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate and measure such framing effects. Methods: Survey experiment in which an eight-question survey on attitudes towards assisted dying was distributed to Norwegian citizens through a web-based panel. Two variations of question wording as well as two variations of question order were employed. Respondents were randomized to receive one of four questionnaire versions. Results: Three thousand and fifty responses were received. There were moderate to large question wording and question order effects. A majority of Norwegian citizens favour the legalization of assisted dying for patients with terminal or chronic disease. Conclusions: Stakeholders in the assisted dying debate need to acknowledge potential framing effects, and accordingly should interpret survey results with caution. The same holds for researchers who conduct attitude surveys in the field of bioethics. Keywords: Assisted dying, Euthanasia, Opinion poll, Physician-assisted suicide, Survey experimentnb_NO
dc.publisherBioMed Centralnb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse 3.0 Norge*
dc.titleAttitudes towards assisted dying are influenced by question wording and order: a survey experimentnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalBMC Medical Ethicsnb_NO
dc.description.localcode© Magelssen et al. 2016. © 2016 Magelssen et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.nb_NO

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Navngivelse 3.0 Norge
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