Impact of organizational influences on project performance and outcome through its life cycle - An empirical investigation-
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Since organizational influences affect project performance and outcome either positively or negatively, it is critical to take into account the importance of role they play in project success. The goal of this research is to investigate the impact of shared values, as the most important organizational influence and as a level of organizational culture, on project performance and outcome. This study focuses on three important shared values, that is, trust, openness, and commitment and examines the impact of these values on project performance and outcome or more specific on the research projects. To this end, I conducted twelve semi-structure interviews with the researchers, research managers, and research leaders in the research institution. The investigation indicates that trust is a practiced value in the research institution and it is essential to effective teamwork. The investigation also shows that trust is a promoted value as one of four core values of the research institution. Trust facilitates the exchange of information, reduces control, improves the relationship and makes work relationship more efficient. It points out that trust as a promoted value reduces transaction cost (search and information cost) in the early phase and increases productivity. According to the investigation, openness as open communication and free thinking is a practiced value in the research institution that increases interaction between employees. It is also a promoted value in the organization to build trust. Through open communication and trust, people share their knowledge that has positive effect on the project performance. The investigation shows that commitment is a practiced value in the institution and there is a meaningful relation between researchers commitment to projects and their interests in projects. Working on projects in which researchers are interested increases their commitment to the projects. According to the investigation, commitment is a promoted value and organizational commitment as organizational support increases feeling of individual commitment to the organization. Thus, trust and openness along with effective communication improve atmosphere of relationship, shared understanding, and encourage commitment. Project management s leadership skill can improve organizational commitment and motive people commitment to the projects. Project management with a leadership role can create effective environment and improve productivity. Keywords: Impact, Organizational culture, organizational performance, commitment, trust, communication, and openness.