Gas Cleaning with Granular Bed Filter
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A literature study is first presented then the practical experiments are described. The theoretical chapter provides an overview of filtration mechanisms and available gas cleaning technologies, with an emphasis on hot gas and cake filtration. The experimental chapters describe the setup and testing of the filter tray test rig and the L10-56 test rig. The filter tray test rig was built, instrumentation was installed and programming performed. Puff-back calibration and heating tests were performed. The puff-back calibration showed that a significantly lower delta p minimum was obtained with this design compared to previous designs. Filtration tests were conducted at an elevated temperature (120 C) with different dust concentrations (1 and 3 g/m3) and filtration velocities (10 - 20 cm/s). The results showed that the rig was working in accordance with the design criteria, with a filtration efficiency above 99,5%. A previously used filter test rig, the L10-56 test rig, was installed at the slipstream of the exhaust of a oil sand extraction pilot plant at 350⁰C. A horizontal bed unit (HBU) was also developed to investigate the impacts of the exhaust gas on the granular filter media. Once completed, the rig was re-tested and the puff-back calibration and heating tests that were performed achieved results corresponding with the previous testis performed on this test rig. The test rig was ready to start filtration tests but they were not initiated due to time limitations and unpredicted halt of the oil sand extraction pilot plant.