Improved combustion in wood stoves: Reduksjon av utslipp i vedovner
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There are two main ways of measuring particle emission from wood combustion. Firstly, particles can be sampled directly in the chimney. Secondly, a dilution tunnel can be used, thus cooling the flue gases parallel to diluting. The purpose of this work is to investigate the differences between both measurements and establish which is the best method to measure particle emission from wood combustion. The approach is to perform particle emission measurements in the chimney and in a dilution tunnel simultaneously during the combustion of wood in a small-scale appliance. Moreover, Flame Ionization Analysis will be carried out to understand the contribution of condensed organic compounds to the total particulate matter emission. The particle emission measured in the dilution tunnel was between 5 and 12 times higher than in the chimney. The more unfavourable combustion conditions, the larger the difference between both measurements was seen. The results also show a factor of about 2,5 between both particle emission measured in the stack and Total Hydrocarbon content in the flue gas and particle emission measured in the dilution tunnel, indicating that about 35 % of the hydrocarbons measured in the stack with the Flame Ionization Detector condense along the dilution tunnel accounting for approximately 85 % of the total particle emission found at this location.