• A Complex Interaction between Rickettsia conorii and Dickkopf-1 - Potential Role in Immune Evasion Mechanisms in Endothelial Cells 

      Astrup, Elisabeth; Lekva, Tove; Davi, Giovanni; Otterdal, Kari; Santilli, Francesca; Øie, Erik; Halvorsen, Bente; Damås, Jan Kristian; Raoult, Didier; Vitale, Giustina; Olano, Juan P; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The pathophysiological hallmark of spotted fever group rickettsioses comprises vascular inflammation. Based on the emerging importance of the wingless (Wnt) pathways in inflammation and vascular biology, we hypothesized ...
    • Cholesterol crystals activate the lectin complement pathway via ficolin-2 and mannose-binding lectin: Implications for the progression of atherosclerosis 

      Pilely, Katrine; Rosbjerg, Anne; Genster, Ninette; Gál, Peter; Pál, Gábor; Halvorsen, Bente; Holm, Sverre; Aukrust, Pål; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Nervik, Ingunn; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bartels, Emil D.; Stahl, Gregory L.; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje; Garred, Peter (Journal article, 2016)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) play an essential role in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. CC activate the classical and the alternative complement pathways, but the role of the lectin pathway is unknown. We hypothesized ...
    • Cholesterol Crystals Induce coagulation Activation through Complement-Dependent Expression of Monocytic Tissue Factor 

      Gravastrand, Caroline S.; Steinkjer, Bjørg; Halvorsen, Bente; Landsem, Anne; Skjelland, Mona; Jacobsen, Eva Astrid; Woodruff, Trent M.; Lambris, John D.; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Brekke, Ole-Lars; Espevik, Terje; Rokstad, Anne Mari (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are strong activators of complement and could potentially be involved in thromboinflammation through complement-coagulation cross-talk. To explore the coagulation-inducing potential of CC, we ...
    • Cholesterol crystals use complement to increase NLRP3 signaling pathways in coronary and carotid atherosclerosis 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bakke, Siril S.; Gregersen, Ida; Holm, Sverre; Sandanger, Øystein; Orrem, Hilde Lang; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Ryan, Liv; Kong, Xiang Yi; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Skjelland, Mona; Sørensen, Kirsten; Rokstad, Anne Mari A.; Yndestad, Arne; Latz, Eicke; Gullestad, Lars; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Halvorsen, Bente; Espevik, Terje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: During atherogenesis, cholesterol precipitates into cholesterol crystals (CC) in the vessel wall, which trigger plaque inflammation by activating the NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) ...
    • Complement activation by cholesterol crystals triggers a subsequent cytokine response 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Halvorsen, Bente; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In the host a diverse collection of endogenous danger signals is constantly generated consisting of waste material as protein aggregates or crystalline materials that are recognized and handled by soluble pattern recognition ...
    • Cyclodextrin promotes atherosclerosis regression via macrophage reprogramming 

      Zimmer, Sebastian; Grebe, Alena; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Bode, Niklas; Halvorsen, Bente; Ulas, Thomas; Skjelland, Mona; De Nardo, Dominic; Labzin, Larisa I.; Kerksiek, Anja; Hempel, Chris; Heneka, Michael T.; Hawxhurst, Victoria; Fitzgerald, Michael L.; Trebicka, Jonel; Björkhem, Ingemar; Gustafsson, Jan Åke; Westerterp, Marit; Tall, Alan R.; Wright, Samuel D.; Espevik, Terje; Schultze, Joachim L.; Nickenig, Georg; Lütjohann, Dieter; Latz, Eicke (Journal article, 2016)
      Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease linked to elevated blood cholesterol concentrations. Despite ongoing advances in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • IL-6 receptor inhibition by tocilizumab attenuated expression of C5a receptor 1 and 2 in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Nilsson, Per; Pischke, Søren Erik; Kleveland, Ola; Yndestad, Arne; Ekholt, Karin; Damås, Jan Kristian; Espevik, Terje; Bendz, Bjørn; Halvorsen, Bente; Gregersen, Ida; Wiseth, Rune; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Ueland, Thor; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: Elevated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and complement activation are associated with detrimental effects of inflammation in coronary artery disease (CAD). The complement anaphylatoxins C5a and C3a interact with their ...
    • Impaired HDL function amplifies systemic inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Rashidi, Azita; Otterdal, Kari; Gregersen, Ida; Kong, Xiang Yi; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency, characterized by inadequate antibody responses and recurrent bacterial infections. Paradoxically, a majority of CVID patients ...
    • Increased levels of legumain in plasma and plaques from patients with carotid atherosclerosis 

      Lunde, Ngoc Nguyen Dieu; Holm, Sverre; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Inass, Elyouncha; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Gregersen, Ida; Abbas, Azhar; Skjelland, Mona; Espevik, Terje; Solberg, Rigmor; Johansen, Harald Thidemann; Halvorsen, Bente (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background and aims The cysteine protease legumain has been shown to be up-regulated in unstable atherosclerotic plaques. This study aims to further elucidate legumain in atherosclerosis, by examining legumain in plasma ...
    • Increased serum levels of LIGHT/TNFSF14 in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Possible role in hepatic inflammation 

      Otterdal, Kari; Haukeland, John Willy; Yndestad, Arne; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Holm, Sverre; Segers, Filip; Gladhaug, Ivar Prydz; Zbigniew, Konopski; Damås, Jan Kristian; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Objectives: The tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 14, LIGHT (homologous to lymphotoxin, exhibits inducible expression, and competes with HSV glycoprotein D for herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM), a receptor expressed ...
    • Interleukin 27 is increased in carotid atherosclerosis and promotes NLRP3 inflammasome activation. 

      Gregersen, Ida; Sandanger, Øystein; Askevold, Erik Tandberg; Sagen, Ellen Lund; Yang, Kuan; Holm, Sverre; Pedersen, Turid Margrethe; Skjelland, Mona; Krohg-Sørensen, Kirsten; Hansen, Trond Vidar; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Otterdal, Kari; Espevik, Terje; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Halvorsen, Bente (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Aim Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is involved in different inflammatory diseases; however, its role in atherosclerosis is unclear. In this study we investigated the expression of IL-27 and its receptor in patients with carotid ...
    • Interleukin-6 receptor inhibition with tocilizumab induces a selective and substantial increase in plasma IP-10 and MIP-1β in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Kleveland, Ola; Ueland, Thor; Kunszt, Gabor; Bratlie, Marte; Yndestad, Arne; Broch, Kaspar; Holte, Espen; Ryan, Liv; Amundsen, Brage H.; Bendz, Bjørn; Aakhus, Svend; Espevik, Terje; Halvorsen, Bente; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Wiseth, Rune; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Damås, Jan Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Aim To evaluate the effect of interleukin-6 inhibition with tocilizumab on the cytokine network in patients with acute non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods 117 patients with acute NSTEMI were randomised ...
    • Legumain is upregulated in acute cardiovascular events and associated with improved outcome – potentially related to anti-inflammatory effects on macrophages 

      Lunde, Ngoc Dieu Nguyen; Gregersen, Ida; Ueland, Thor; Shetelig, Christian; Holm, Sverre; Kong, Xiang Yi; Michelsen, Annika; Otterdal, Kari; Yndestad, Arne; Broch, Kaspar; Gullestad, Lars; Nyman, Tuula Anneli; Bendz, Bjørn; Eritsland, Jan; Hoffmann, Pavel; Skagen, Karolina Ryeng; Gonçalves, Isabel; Nilsson, Jan; Grenegård, Magnus; Poreba, Marcin; Drag, Marcin; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Espevik, Terje; Skjelland, Mona; Johansen, Harald Thidemann; Solberg, Rigmor; Aukrust, Pål; Björbacka, Harry; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Halvorsen, Bente (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background and aims We have previously found increased levels of the cysteine protease legumain in plasma and plaques from patients with carotid atherosclerosis. This study further investigated legumain during acute ...
    • Neil3-dependent base excision repair regulates lipid metabolism and prevents atherosclerosis in Apoe-deficient mice 

      Skarpengland, Tonje; Holm, Sverre; Scheffler, Katja; Gregersen, Ida; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Suganthan, Rajikala; Segers, Filip; Østlie, Ingunn; Otten, Jeroen J.T.; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Ketelhuth, Daniel F.J.; Lundberg, Anna M.; Neurauter, Christine Gran; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Skjelland, Mona; Bjørndal, Bodil; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Iversen, Per Ole; Hedin, Ulf; Nygård, Ståle; Olstad, Ole Kristoffer; Krohg-Sørensen, Kirsten; Slupphaug, Geir; Eide, Lars; Kusnierczyk, Anna; Folkersen, Lasse; Ueland, Thor; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Hansson, Göran K.; Biessen, Erik A.L.; Halvorsen, Bente; Bjørås, Magnar; Aukrust, Pål (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative DNA damage accumulates in atherosclerosis. Recently, we showed that a genetic variant in the human DNA repair enzyme NEIL3 was associated with increased risk of myocardial ...
    • Neuromodulatory effect of NLRP3 and ASC in neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy 

      Ystgaard, Martin Bogale; Scheffler, Katja; Suganthan, Rajikala; Bjørås, Magnar; Ranheim, Trine; Sagen, Ellen Lund; Halvorsen, Bente; Saugstad, Ola Didrik; Yndestad, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background: Following birth asphyxia there is a robust inflammatory response. NLRP3 is a receptor of the innate immune system. Upon activation, NLRP3 forms an inflammasome together with ASC and procaspase-1 to mediate ...
    • NLRP3 Inflammasome Expression and Activation in Human Atherosclerosis 

      Varghese, Paramel G; Folkersen, Lasse; Strawbridge, Rona J.; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ranheim, Trine; Krogh-Sørensen, Kristin; Skjelland, Mona; Espevik, Terje; Aukrust, Pål; Lengquist, Mariette; Hedin, Ulf; Jansson, Jan-Håkan; Fransen, Karin; Hansson, Göran K.; Eriksson, Per; Sirsjø, Allan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background The NLR family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is an interleukin (IL)‐1β and IL‐18 cytokine processing complex that is activated in inflammatory conditions. The role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in ...
    • OXR1A, a Coactivator of PRMT5 Regulating Histone Arginine Methylation 

      Yang, Mingyi; Lin, Xiaolin; Segers, Filip; Suganthan, Rajikala; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Aas, Per Arne; Sousa, Mirta; Holm, Sverre; Bolstad, Nils; Warren, David; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Johansen, Rune Forstrøm; Yndestad, Arne; Kristiansen, Elise; Klungland, Arne; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Eide, Lars; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Bjørås, Magnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Oxidation resistance gene 1 (OXR1) protects cells against oxidative stress. We find that male mice with brain-specific isoform A knockout (Oxr1A−/−) develop fatty liver. RNA sequencing of male Oxr1A−/− liver indicates ...
    • Profiling of immune-related gene expression in children with familial hypercholesterolaemia 

      Narverud, Ingunn; Christensen, Jacob J.; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Ulven, Stine Marie; Rundblad, Amanda; Aukrust, Pål; Espevik, Terje; Bogsrud, Martin Prøven; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Ueland, Thor; Halvorsen, Bente; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Innate and adaptive immune responses are pivotal in atherosclerosis, but their association with early‐stage atherosclerosis in humans is incompletely understood. In this regard, untreated children with familial ...