• A Complex Interaction between Rickettsia conorii and Dickkopf-1 - Potential Role in Immune Evasion Mechanisms in Endothelial Cells 

      Astrup, Elisabeth; Lekva, Tove; Davi, Giovanni; Otterdal, Kari; Santilli, Francesca; Øie, Erik; Halvorsen, Bente; Damås, Jan Kristian; Raoult, Didier; Vitale, Giustina; Olano, Juan P; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The pathophysiological hallmark of spotted fever group rickettsioses comprises vascular inflammation. Based on the emerging importance of the wingless (Wnt) pathways in inflammation and vascular biology, we hypothesized ...
    • Absence of NLRP3 Inflammasome in Hematopoietic Cells Reduces Adverse Remodeling After Experimental Myocardial Infarction 

      Louwe, Maria Cornelia; Olsen, Maria Belland; Kaasbøll, Ole Jørgen; Yang, Kuan; Fosshaug, Linn Elisabeth Lillerud; Alfsnes, Katrine; Øgaard, Jonas; Rashidi, Azita; Skulberg, Vidar Magne; Yang, Mingyi; Fonseca, Davi de Miranda; Sharma, Animesh; Aronsen, Jan Magnus; Schrumpf, Elisabeth; Ahmed, Muhammad Shakil; Dahl, Christen Peder; Nyman, Tuula Anneli; Ueland, Thor; Melum, Espen; Halvorsen, Bente; Bjørås, Magnar; Attramadal, Håvard; Sjaastad, Ivar; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      An inflammatory response is required for tissue healing after a myocardial infarction (MI), but the process must be balanced to prevent maladaptive remodeling. This study shows that improved survival and cardiac function ...
    • Cholesterol crystals activate the lectin complement pathway via ficolin-2 and mannose-binding lectin: Implications for the progression of atherosclerosis 

      Pilely, Katrine; Rosbjerg, Anne; Genster, Ninette; Gál, Peter; Pál, Gábor; Halvorsen, Bente; Holm, Sverre; Aukrust, Pål; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Nervik, Ingunn; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bartels, Emil D.; Stahl, Gregory L.; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje; Garred, Peter (Journal article, 2016)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) play an essential role in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. CC activate the classical and the alternative complement pathways, but the role of the lectin pathway is unknown. We hypothesized ...
    • Cholesterol Crystals Induce coagulation Activation through Complement-Dependent Expression of Monocytic Tissue Factor 

      Gravastrand, Caroline S.; Steinkjer, Bjørg; Halvorsen, Bente; Landsem, Anne; Skjelland, Mona; Jacobsen, Eva Astrid; Woodruff, Trent M.; Lambris, John D.; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Brekke, Ole-Lars; Espevik, Terje; Rokstad, Anne Mari (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are strong activators of complement and could potentially be involved in thromboinflammation through complement-coagulation cross-talk. To explore the coagulation-inducing potential of CC, we ...
    • Cholesterol crystals use complement to increase NLRP3 signaling pathways in coronary and carotid atherosclerosis 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Bakke, Siril S.; Gregersen, Ida; Holm, Sverre; Sandanger, Øystein; Orrem, Hilde Lang; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Ryan, Liv; Kong, Xiang Yi; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Skjelland, Mona; Sørensen, Kirsten; Rokstad, Anne Mari A.; Yndestad, Arne; Latz, Eicke; Gullestad, Lars; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Halvorsen, Bente; Espevik, Terje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: During atherogenesis, cholesterol precipitates into cholesterol crystals (CC) in the vessel wall, which trigger plaque inflammation by activating the NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) ...
    • Complement activation by cholesterol crystals triggers a subsequent cytokine response 

      Niyonzima, Nathalie; Halvorsen, Bente; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In the host a diverse collection of endogenous danger signals is constantly generated consisting of waste material as protein aggregates or crystalline materials that are recognized and handled by soluble pattern recognition ...
    • Cyclodextrin promotes atherosclerosis regression via macrophage reprogramming 

      Zimmer, Sebastian; Grebe, Alena; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Bode, Niklas; Halvorsen, Bente; Ulas, Thomas; Skjelland, Mona; De Nardo, Dominic; Labzin, Larisa I.; Kerksiek, Anja; Hempel, Chris; Heneka, Michael T.; Hawxhurst, Victoria; Fitzgerald, Michael L.; Trebicka, Jonel; Björkhem, Ingemar; Gustafsson, Jan Åke; Westerterp, Marit; Tall, Alan R.; Wright, Samuel D.; Espevik, Terje; Schultze, Joachim L.; Nickenig, Georg; Lütjohann, Dieter; Latz, Eicke (Journal article, 2016)
      Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease linked to elevated blood cholesterol concentrations. Despite ongoing advances in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Cyclodextrin Reduces Cholesterol Crystal-Induced Inflammation by Modulating Complement Activation 

      Bakke, Siril Skaret; Aune, Marie Hjelmseth; Niyonzima, Nathalie; Pilely, Katrine; Ryan, Liv; Skjelland, Mona; Garred, Peter; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Latz, Eicke; Damås, Jan Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Espevik, Terje (Journal article, 2017)
      Cholesterol crystals (CC) are abundant in atherosclerotic plaques and promote inflammatory responses via the complement system and inflammasome activation. Cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (BCD) is a ...
    • Deletion of Endonuclease V suppresses chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma 

      Kong, Xiang Yi; Vik, Erik Sebastian; Nawaz, Meh Sameen; Berges, Natalia; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Vågbø, Cathrine; Suganthan, Rajikala; Segers, Filip; Holm, Sverre; Quiles-Jimenez, Ana; Gregersen, Ida; Fladeby, Cathrine; Aukrust, Pål; Bjørås, Magnar; Klungland, Arne; Halvorsen, Bente; Alseth, Ingrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Endonuclease V (EndoV) is a conserved inosine-specific ribonuclease with unknown biological function. Here, we present the first mouse model lacking EndoV, which is viable without visible abnormalities. We show that ...
    • Elevated plasma sTIM-3 levels in patients with severe COVID-19 

      Ueland, Thor; Heggelund, Lars; Lind, Andreas; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Michelsen, Annika; Jenum, Synne; Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nordøy, Ingvild; Aanensen Fraz, Mai Sasaki; Paulsen, Else Quist; Pischke, Soeren; Johal, Simreen Kaur; Hesstvedt, Liv; Bogen, Mette; Fevang, Børre; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Bekken, Gry Kloumann; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Aukrust, Pål; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Holter, Jan Cato (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background The pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still incompletely understood, but it seems to involve immune activation and immune dysregulation. Objective We examined the parameters of activation ...
    • Gut microbiota-dependent trimethylamine N-oxide associates with inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Ueland, Thor; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Kummen, Martin; Otterdal, Kari; Holm, Kristian; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Trøseid, Marius; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      A substantial proportion of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have inflammatory and autoimmune complications of unknown etiology. We have previously shown that systemic inflammation in CVID correlates ...
    • IL-6 receptor inhibition by tocilizumab attenuated expression of C5a receptor 1 and 2 in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Orrem, Hilde Lang; Nilsson, Per; Pischke, Søren Erik; Kleveland, Ola; Yndestad, Arne; Ekholt, Karin; Damås, Jan Kristian; Espevik, Terje; Bendz, Bjørn; Halvorsen, Bente; Gregersen, Ida; Wiseth, Rune; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Ueland, Thor; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background: Elevated interleukin-6 (IL-6) and complement activation are associated with detrimental effects of inflammation in coronary artery disease (CAD). The complement anaphylatoxins C5a and C3a interact with their ...
    • Impaired HDL function amplifies systemic inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Rashidi, Azita; Otterdal, Kari; Gregersen, Ida; Kong, Xiang Yi; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency, characterized by inadequate antibody responses and recurrent bacterial infections. Paradoxically, a majority of CVID patients ...
    • Increased levels of legumain in plasma and plaques from patients with carotid atherosclerosis 

      Lunde, Ngoc Nguyen Dieu; Holm, Sverre; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Inass, Elyouncha; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Gregersen, Ida; Abbas, Azhar; Skjelland, Mona; Espevik, Terje; Solberg, Rigmor; Johansen, Harald Thidemann; Halvorsen, Bente (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Background and aims The cysteine protease legumain has been shown to be up-regulated in unstable atherosclerotic plaques. This study aims to further elucidate legumain in atherosclerosis, by examining legumain in plasma ...
    • Increased serum levels of LIGHT/TNFSF14 in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: Possible role in hepatic inflammation 

      Otterdal, Kari; Haukeland, John Willy; Yndestad, Arne; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Holm, Sverre; Segers, Filip; Gladhaug, Ivar Prydz; Zbigniew, Konopski; Damås, Jan Kristian; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Objectives: The tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 14, LIGHT (homologous to lymphotoxin, exhibits inducible expression, and competes with HSV glycoprotein D for herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM), a receptor expressed ...
    • Interleukin 27 is increased in carotid atherosclerosis and promotes NLRP3 inflammasome activation. 

      Gregersen, Ida; Sandanger, Øystein; Askevold, Erik Tandberg; Sagen, Ellen Lund; Yang, Kuan; Holm, Sverre; Pedersen, Turid Margrethe; Skjelland, Mona; Krohg-Sørensen, Kirsten; Hansen, Trond Vidar; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Otterdal, Kari; Espevik, Terje; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Halvorsen, Bente (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Aim Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is involved in different inflammatory diseases; however, its role in atherosclerosis is unclear. In this study we investigated the expression of IL-27 and its receptor in patients with carotid ...
    • Interleukin-6 receptor inhibition with tocilizumab induces a selective and substantial increase in plasma IP-10 and MIP-1β in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Kleveland, Ola; Ueland, Thor; Kunszt, Gabor; Bratlie, Marte; Yndestad, Arne; Broch, Kaspar; Holte, Espen; Ryan, Liv; Amundsen, Brage H.; Bendz, Bjørn; Aakhus, Svend; Espevik, Terje; Halvorsen, Bente; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Wiseth, Rune; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Damås, Jan Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Aim To evaluate the effect of interleukin-6 inhibition with tocilizumab on the cytokine network in patients with acute non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods 117 patients with acute NSTEMI were randomised ...
    • Legumain is upregulated in acute cardiovascular events and associated with improved outcome – potentially related to anti-inflammatory effects on macrophages 

      Lunde, Ngoc Dieu Nguyen; Gregersen, Ida; Ueland, Thor; Shetelig, Christian; Holm, Sverre; Kong, Xiang Yi; Michelsen, Annika; Otterdal, Kari; Yndestad, Arne; Broch, Kaspar; Gullestad, Lars; Nyman, Tuula Anneli; Bendz, Bjørn; Eritsland, Jan; Hoffmann, Pavel; Skagen, Karolina Ryeng; Gonçalves, Isabel; Nilsson, Jan; Grenegård, Magnus; Poreba, Marcin; Drag, Marcin; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Espevik, Terje; Skjelland, Mona; Johansen, Harald Thidemann; Solberg, Rigmor; Aukrust, Pål; Björbacka, Harry; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Halvorsen, Bente (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background and aims We have previously found increased levels of the cysteine protease legumain in plasma and plaques from patients with carotid atherosclerosis. This study further investigated legumain during acute ...
    • N6-methyladenosine in RNA of atherosclerotic plaques: An epitranscriptomic signature of human carotid atherosclerosis 

      Quiles Jimenez, Ana Maria Teresa; Gregersen, Ida; Sousa, Mirta; Abbas, Azhar; Kong, Xiang Yi; Alseth, Ingrun; Holm, Sverre; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Skagen, Karolina Ryeng; Skjelland, Mona; Aukrust, Pål; Bjørås, Magnar; Halvorsen, Bente (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background More than 170 post-transcriptional RNA modifications regulate the localization, processing and function of cellular RNAs, and aberrant RNA modifications have been linked to a range of human diseases. The RNA ...