• Neil3-dependent base excision repair regulates lipid metabolism and prevents atherosclerosis in Apoe-deficient mice 

      Skarpengland, Tonje; Holm, Sverre; Scheffler, Katja; Gregersen, Ida; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Suganthan, Rajikala; Segers, Filip; Østlie, Ingunn; Otten, Jeroen J.T.; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Ketelhuth, Daniel F.J.; Lundberg, Anna M.; Neurauter, Christine Gran; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Skjelland, Mona; Bjørndal, Bodil; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Iversen, Per Ole; Hedin, Ulf; Nygård, Ståle; Olstad, Ole Kristoffer; Krohg-Sørensen, Kirsten; Slupphaug, Geir; Eide, Lars; Kusnierczyk, Anna; Folkersen, Lasse; Ueland, Thor; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Hansson, Göran K.; Biessen, Erik A.L.; Halvorsen, Bente; Bjørås, Magnar; Aukrust, Pål (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative DNA damage accumulates in atherosclerosis. Recently, we showed that a genetic variant in the human DNA repair enzyme NEIL3 was associated with increased risk of myocardial ...
    • Neuromodulatory effect of NLRP3 and ASC in neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy 

      Ystgaard, Martin Bogale; Scheffler, Katja; Suganthan, Rajikala; Bjørås, Magnar; Ranheim, Trine; Sagen, Ellen Lund; Halvorsen, Bente; Saugstad, Ola Didrik; Yndestad, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background: Following birth asphyxia there is a robust inflammatory response. NLRP3 is a receptor of the innate immune system. Upon activation, NLRP3 forms an inflammasome together with ASC and procaspase-1 to mediate ...
    • NLRP3 Inflammasome Expression and Activation in Human Atherosclerosis 

      Varghese, Paramel G; Folkersen, Lasse; Strawbridge, Rona J.; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ranheim, Trine; Krogh-Sørensen, Kristin; Skjelland, Mona; Espevik, Terje; Aukrust, Pål; Lengquist, Mariette; Hedin, Ulf; Jansson, Jan-Håkan; Fransen, Karin; Hansson, Göran K.; Eriksson, Per; Sirsjø, Allan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background The NLR family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is an interleukin (IL)‐1β and IL‐18 cytokine processing complex that is activated in inflammatory conditions. The role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in ...
    • OXR1A, a Coactivator of PRMT5 Regulating Histone Arginine Methylation 

      Yang, Mingyi; Lin, Xiaolin; Segers, Filip; Suganthan, Rajikala; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Aas, Per Arne; Sousa, Mirta; Holm, Sverre; Bolstad, Nils; Warren, David; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Johansen, Rune Forstrøm; Yndestad, Arne; Kristiansen, Elise; Klungland, Arne; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Eide, Lars; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Bjørås, Magnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Oxidation resistance gene 1 (OXR1) protects cells against oxidative stress. We find that male mice with brain-specific isoform A knockout (Oxr1A−/−) develop fatty liver. RNA sequencing of male Oxr1A−/− liver indicates ...
    • Profiling of immune-related gene expression in children with familial hypercholesterolaemia 

      Narverud, Ingunn; Christensen, Jacob J.; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Ulven, Stine Marie; Rundblad, Amanda; Aukrust, Pål; Espevik, Terje; Bogsrud, Martin Prøven; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Ueland, Thor; Halvorsen, Bente; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Background Innate and adaptive immune responses are pivotal in atherosclerosis, but their association with early‐stage atherosclerosis in humans is incompletely understood. In this regard, untreated children with familial ...
    • Rickettsia conorii is a potent complement activator in vivo and combined inhibition of complement and CD14 is required for attenuation of the cytokine response ex vivo 

      Otterdal, Kari; Portillo, Aránzazu; Astrup, Elisabeth; Ludviksen, Judith K; Schjalm, Camilla; Raoult, Didier; Olano, Juan Pablo; Halvorsen, Bente; Oteo Revuelta, José Antonio; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Nilsson, Per (Journal article, 2016)
      Mediterranean spotted fever caused by Rickettsia conorii is a potentially lethal disease characterized by vascular inflammation affecting multiple organs. Studies of R. conorii so far have focused on activation of inflammatory ...
    • Rifaximin alters gut microbiota profile, but does not affect systemic inflammation - a randomized controlled trial in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård; Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Bjørnetrø, Tonje; Holm, Kristian; Kummen, Martin; Rashidi, Azita; Michelsen, Annika; Lekva, Tove; Halvorsen, Bente; Trøseid, Marius; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Aukrust, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Fevang, Børre (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) patients have reduced gut microbial diversity compared to healthy controls. The reduced diversity is associated with gut leakage, increased systemic inflammation and ten “key” bacteria ...
    • Serum levels of inflammation-related markers and metabolites predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with and without bevacizumab in breast cancers 

      Nome, Marianne Eikhom; Euceda, Leslie R.; Jabeen, Shakila; Debik, Julia; Bathen, Tone Frost; Giskeødegård, Guro F.; Tasken, Kristin Austlid; Mælandsmo, Gunhild Mari; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Borgen, Elin; Garred, Øystein; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor; Engebraaten, Olav; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Tekpli, Xavier (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Angiogenesis is necessary for tumor growth and has been targeted in breast cancer; however, it is unclear which patients will respond and benefit from antiangiogenic therapy. We report noninvasive monitoring of patient ...
    • Serum lipoprotein(a) is not modified by interleukin-6 receptor antagonism or associated with inflammation in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Ueland, Thor; Kleveland, Ola; Michelsen, Annika; Wiseth, Rune; Damås, Jan Kristian; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Aukrust, Pål; Gullestad, Lars; Yndestad, Arne; Halvorsen, Bente (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Background The IL-6 receptor antagonist tocilizumab has been shown to attenuate the proatherogenic lipoprotein a [Lp(a)] in rheumatoid arthritis. We evaluated if a single dose of tocilizumab reduced Lp(a) in patients with ...
    • Serum Omega-6 Fatty Acids and Immunology-Related Gene Expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells: A Cross-Sectional Analysis in Healthy Children 

      Christensen, Jacob J.; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Ulven, Stine Marie; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Henriksen, Tore; Bollerslev, Jens; Espevik, Terje; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Scope Some studies suggest that a high dietary intake of omega‐6 fatty acids is pro‐inflammatory. However, whether omega‐6 fatty acids actually cause pathogenic inflammation in humans is debated. Therefore, the associations ...
    • Serum PCSK9 is modified by interleukin-6 receptor antagonism in patients with hypercholesterolaemia following non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction 

      Ueland, Thor; Kleveland, Ola; Michelsen, Annika; Wiseth, Rune; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Gullestad, Lars; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Objective It is unclear if activation of inflammatory pathways regulates proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) levels. Approach We evaluated (1) the temporal course of serum PCSK9 during hospitalisation ...
    • Systemic complement activation is associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 hospitalized patients 

      Holter, Jan Cato; Pischke, Soeren; de Boer, Eline; Lind, Andreas; Jenum, Synne; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Sokolova, Marina; Schjalm, Camilla; Chaban, Viktoriia; Kolderup, Anette; Tran, Trung; Tollefsrud Gjølberg, Torleif; Skeie, Linda Gail; Hesstvedt, Liv; Ormåsen, Vidar; Fevang, Børre; Austad, Cathrine; Muller, Karl Erik; Fladeby, Cathrine; Holberg-Petersen, Mona; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Ueland, Thor; Andersen, Jan Terje; Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof; Heggelund, Lars; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Respiratory failure in the acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is hypothesized to be driven by an overreacting innate immune response, where the complement system is a key player. In this prospective ...
    • YKL-40 (Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1) Serum Levels in Aortic Stenosis 

      Arain, Fizza Kanwal; Abraityte, Judita Aurelija; Bogdanova, Mariia; Solberg, Ole Geir; Michelsen, Annika; Lekva, Tove; Aakhus, Svend; Holm, Sverre; Halvorsen, Bente; Finsen, Alexandra; Vinge, Leif Erik; Nymo, Ståle Haugset; Espeland, Torvald; Ranheim, Trine; Aukrust, Pål; Vaage, Ingvar Jarle; Auensen, Andreas; Gullestad, Lars; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      BACKGROUND: Identification of novel biomarkers could provide prognostic information and improve risk stratification in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). YKL-40 (chitinase-3-like protein 1), a protein involved in ...