Improved Methods for Characterizing Emulsions by Low‑Resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance via Surface Relaxation and One‑Dimensional Images
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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The use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is an appropriate tool for studying colloids in a non-invasive manner. Droplet size distributions and one-dimensional sample profiles are readily produced to characterize an emulsion, its stability, the size distribution of the dispersed phase, and rheological behavior with respect to parameters as temperature and/or water cut. Here, we present pulsed field Grgdient NMR methods that improve the performance as compared to existing methods. In particular, the so-called multi-echo approach is introduced to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio significantly making it possible to characterize emulsions in a minute or less. Thus, any evolution that takes place in the order of just a few minutes can be monitored. In addition to the multi-echo approach, an improved method for determining the droplet size distribution from a residual emulsion, i.e., in the presence of a bulk water phase, is presented.