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dc.contributor.authorTjora, Tore
dc.contributor.authorSkogen, Jens Christoffer
dc.contributor.authorSivertsen, Børge
dc.identifier.citationNicotine & Tobacco Research. 2022, 208, .en_US
dc.description.abstractIntroduction Smoking and mental health problems are public health concerns worldwide. Studies on smoke-free tobacco products, especially snus are scarce. Snus is considered less harmful than smoking and in the United States allowed to be marketed accordingly, but may still add to the burden of disease. Aims and Methods Data stem from the Norwegian Students’ Health and Wellbeing Study (SHoT study) in 2018 (162 512 invited, 50 054 (30.8%) completed). Smoking, snus use, health service and medication usage and mental health problems, including the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25), were assessed using self-report. The aims were to explore the associations between smoking and snus use and mental health problems and treatments. Furthermore, the association between both daily smoking and daily snus use and mental health problems. Associations were tested with χ2-, t-tests, and logistic regression. Results Daily snus users had 38% increased odds (odds ratio [OR]: 1.38, CI: 1.30 to 1.46), and daily smokers had 96% increased odds (OR: 1.96, CI: 1.65 to 2.34) of having a high HSCL-25 score, adjusted for gender, low socioeconomic status (SES), using tobacco, participating in therapy and using antidepressants daily. Conclusions Both daily smoking and daily snus use were associated with an increased level of mental health problems. The adjusted probability for mental health problems was lower for snus use; however, snus use prevalence was tenfold in our sample. Implications Despite the lack of causal and directional conclusions, these associations may have implications for future legislation on snus. They also highlight the importance of more research, especially as snus is considered less harmful and seemingly replacing smoking in Norway.en_US
dc.publisherOxford Academicen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleEstablishing the Association Between Snus Use and Mental Health Problems: A Study of Norwegian College and University Studentsen_US
dc.title.alternativeEstablishing the Association Between Snus Use and Mental Health Problems: A Study of Norwegian College and University Studentsen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalNicotine & Tobacco Researchen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal