Force Orientation Measurement: Evaluating Ski Sport Dynamics
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionIEEE Sensors Journal. 2021, 21 (24), 28050-28056. 10.1109/JSEN.2021.3124021
A modular sensor application for measuring athlete performance in skiing sports was developed. Using inertial measurement units (IMUs) and load cells in a modular system, a force orientation measurement system, FOMS, was developed. A functioning prototype capable of measuring ski sports dynamics was created. Data processing using the system, a validation of the prototype in terms of angle measurement IMU accuracy, example data from in-field athlete testing, and visualization by animations are described. The system developed contains four subsystems: a controller, two pole measuring modules, and a terrain-measuring module. The system structure also allows for additional modules, making the system applicable to different sports. The IMUs use orientation-sensing components to measure pole orientations, which are used to calculate decomposed forces relative to the terrain. Data from different modules are synchronized using wireless communication and saved on SD cards with time stamps. A validation experiment was conducted in which the angles from the modules were compared with the Oqus motion capture system from Qualisys. Examples for athlete testing in both cross country and alpine skiing were calculated from the matrix provided by the different modules and are presented in graphs to evaluate the athlete. In addition, the relative pole/terrain coordinates are visualized in 2D and 3D animations for analyzing the movement pattern in connection with the applied forces, opening up a whole new level of sports analysis.