Rapid calculation of residual stresses in dissimilar s355– aa6082 butt welds
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionMaterials. 2021, 14 (21), . 10.3390/ma14216644
An analytical model is proposed to rapidly capture the thermal and residual stresses values induced by the hybrid metal extrusion and bonding (HYB) process on dissimilar-metal butt-welded joints. The power input for two welding velocities is first assessed using a thermal–mechanical model solved by a heat generation routine written in MATLAB code. Subsequently, the obtained temperature history is used as input to solve the equilibrium and compatibility equations formulated to calculate the thermal and residual stresses. To verify the soundness of the analytical approach, a Finite Element numerical model of the entire process is carried out and results are compared with those coming from the proposed rapid method. It is found that the degree of accuracy reached by the analytical model is excellent, especially considering the tremendous time reduction when compared to that characterizing the standard numerical approach.