Tuning and tracking the growth of gold nanoparticles synthesized using binary surfactant mixtures
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionNanoscale Advances. 2020, 5, 1980-1992. 10.1039/d0na00214c
Synthesis of gold nanorods (Au NRs) using surfactant-mediated seeded growth involves the interplay of parameters such as pH, reducing agent, and surfactant among others. The use of binary surfactant mixtures of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and oleic acid (OA) has been reported by our group previously to obtain other anisotropic shapes. However, there are no reports investigating the growth kinetics and mechanisms of such shapes. Here, we report for the first time a ternary representation for compact visualization of shape transitions of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) as a function of reaction parameters. Further, using UV-Vis spectrophotometry, the growth kinetics of these shapes was tracked using an in-house developed technique. The interplay between the experimental parameters and the properties of Au NPs was investigated using statistical analysis which showed that the reducing agent and pH were significant in influencing shape and growth kinetics. We further propose a growth mechanism in which the supersaturation of growth units controls the final shapes obtained.